The Buffalo Nickel or Indian Head Nickel is a copper-nickel five-cent piece that was struck by the United States Mint from 1913 to 1938. It was designed by sculptor James Earle Fraser. The Buffalo Nickel is very popular among today's collectors. The older the Buffalo Nickel the better, but the age by itself does not determine value. If you are in possession of a Buffalo coin struck during the first few years of mintage, that has somehow been carefully preserved, you likely have a top-valued Buffalo Nickel.